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Law of supply and demand
Everything from how high wages can be set to the way and quality that workers are treated is subject the the law of supply-and-demand. The reality is, there is an over-supply of takers for work under the most atrocious conditions -- impoverished unskilled workers from countries like the Philippines and similar ratholes in Africa and the Subcontinent.
Labour productivity is a function of both skill and capital. Workers with the right skills, equipment and tools (whether they be computers or power tools) can do more for less effort. Five Japanese builders can build a house in less time applying far less effort than an army of Filipino builders on a similar project. With skill too comes access to work that pays better. Said work pays better because workers competent enough to do them are more scarce.
Mobility of scarce workers
More options for workers who possess skills that are in demand means such workers can choose. Many of them opt with their feet -- marching towards countries where they are better rewarded for their trouble.
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An Associated Press report confirms the trend...
Scientists, engineers, doctors, IT specialists, accountants and even teachers are among the English-speaking talent heading to foreign lands, leaving the government and private companies scrambling to find replacements.
Note one of the personal assets in these classes of workers that was highlighted: English-speaking talent. Trouble is, this is a highly-politicised issue that is deadlocked in a country where all the wrong arguments win.
The often-sloganeered "issue" of a "lack of employment" in the Philippines is a mis-nomer. The jobs are there, but...
A Labour Department study in 2008 found that despite a huge domestic workforce, many positions for skilled workers were going unfilled because there were not enough qualified applicants.
In short, Filipinos simply fail to step up to the work that already exists within the country. But then those that do also find doors opening for them elsewhere.
Chicken-and-egg. Do we dumb down demand to accomodate a dumb workforce? Or do we smarten up the workforce so they have a shot at filling demand that currently exists?
The winners -- educated English-speaking folk -- take all either way.