Consider the resource water. We see water as a virtually "free" resource. Because we think of it as "free", we use copious amounts of it -- we flush drinkable grades of this resource down our toilets and use it to wash our cars. Our monetary system is good at counting the costs and benefits of piping massive volumes of water to people's homes -- to the point that many households take the idea of water bursting out of a tap at a quick twist of the wrist for granted (which is why we perceive it as "free"). But what the monetary system does not count is the environmental cost of this "efficiency" -- costs, we are finding out now, when accumulated past a critical point may tip the ecosystem into a state that results in this once abundant resource simply vanishing in the blink of an eye (relative to geological timescales) or gushing in in destructive quantities.
Little trinkets imported all the way from China are another one of those perceived "free" resources. They seem free (or cost next to nothing) because we've developed technologies and systems that enable us to take vast amounts of raw material from the Earth and turn these into vast quantities of "products" that can be sold for more money than the monetary cost of said raw materials. The monetary system tells us such activities are "profitable" and the consultants will use this "fact" to tell us these activities "add value". And because they are "profitable" and "add value", more people start enterprises that undertake similar activities. Governments note the additional "value" added by every new "profitable" activity started and extols this as economic growth.
The monetary system (and the human-centric "economy" that it measures in its sadly limited way) scores the efficiency and productivity of the pipeline of human enterprise that extracts Earthly resources and turns these into consumable products and services. What the monetary system does not account for is the cost to the Earth of the waste products generated by this pipeline and the degradation caused by extraction of raw input into this pipeline.
The monetary system that measures the performance of the human economy rewards development of humans' capability to acquire and accumulate and assumes an infinite capacity in the planet to support the means to acquire and accumulate.
So the concept of "generating wealth" (which increasingly seems to be a euphemism to mask a flawed assumption that economic growth is limitless) may no longer be a long-term option. The more pragmatic approach seems to be more around sustaining living standards for those who are already wealthy and hitting the brakes on escalating commitments for those who are still poor.
The concept of perpetually pursuing "growth" is a modern-day abomination created by an extremist free market system and, specifically, publicly-traded equity instruments driven by "investors" (or, more appropriately, parasitical equity traders) pursuing short-term "capital" gains. Unfettered population growth, "open" markets, and "deregulation" all contribute to lubricating and steepening the already slippery slope to the catastrophic collapse long ago foreseen by Jared Diamond in his seminal book Collapse. He makes this biting observation of a small cross-section of the fatal flaw in the concept of "globalisation" that is increasingly becoming evident but continuously swept under the rug...
It's really ironic that the British Empire was founded on exploiting poor, helpless third world countries by getting those countries to export their raw materials to Britain, who would then export back its finished products. Now let's think of the situation in modern Australia. Japan, the most forested country in the first world, is buying timber from the least forested country in the first world. They're buying it at very low prices, as woodchips, then it processes them in Japan, so the value increases by a hundred, and then Japan proceeds to export TV sets and cars back to Australia. Yet Australia is not some ignorant third world country. Why is [the government] so economically short-sighted as to export cheaply something that is in such desperately short supply here, so that they can buy their expensive TV sets and cars from Japan? It's as if the Japanese government were manipulating the Australian Prime Minister.
Big enough problems in the First World, think now of what this means to basketcase Third World countries like the Philippines. We continue to mask an obvious runaway addiction to locking ourselves into commitments we are inherently unable to honour by prostituting ourselves to foreign "investment" and deregulated foreign trade without a commensurate improvement in our ability to produce and sustain.